Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Original article / research
Year : 2013 | Month : September | Volume : 7 | Issue : 9 | Page : 1938 - 1940

Metabolic Syndrome among Urban and Rural Women Population – A Cross Sectional Study

Shalini M., Suresh Babu K.P., Srinivasa Murthy A.G., Girish B., Hamsaveena, Mounika K., Vaishnavi B.

1. Professor, Department of Medicine, Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Tumkur, Karnataka, India. 2. Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Tumkur, Karnataka, India. 3. Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Tumkur, Karnataka, India. 4. Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Tumkur, Karnataka, India. 5. Postgraduate, Department of Medicine, Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Tumkur, Karnataka, India.

Correspondence Address :
Dr. Shalini M.,
Professor, Department of Medicine, Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Agalkote, Tumkur, Karnataka-572107, India.
Phone: 09448658840, E-mail: neelasiri@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction: There is increased incidence of Metabolic Syndrome across the globe. Metabolic Syndrome a strong predictor of coronary vascular disorder and Diabetes Mellitus is not highlighted enough especially in women. This study was undertaken to learn the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome among urban and rural women.

Material and Methods: A detailed history, clinical examination along with mini glucose tolerance test, FBS and PPBS in a known diabetic and fasting lipid profile were done in 590 urban and 433 rural women. Metabolic Syndrome was defined using Modified NCEP ATP III Criteria.

Results: Metabolic Syndrome was detected in 342 (57.96%) urban and 239 (55.19%) rural women. Individual components of Metabolic Syndrome like Waist circumference of > 80 cm was found in 283 (82.74%) urban and 171 (71.54 %) rural women, Systolic blood pressure > 130 mm Hg was found in 261 (76.31%) urban and 187 (78.24 %) rural women, Diastolic blood pressure of > 85 mm Hg was found in 201 (58.77%) urban and 143 (59.83 %) rural women, Triglycerides of > 150 mg/dl was found in 187 (43.85%) urban and 159 (66.52 %) rural women, High density lipoprotein of < 50 mg/dl was found in 309 (90.35%) urban and 224 (93.72 %) rural women and Fasting blood sugars of > 110 mg/dl was found in 93 (27.19%) urban and 44 (18.41 %) rural women.

Conclusion: Our study showed increased prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in urban women however there is also increasing prevalence in rural women due to changing life style pattern.

Keywords

Metabolic Syndrome, Waist circumference, Systolic blood pressure, Diastolic blood pressure, Triglycerides, High density Lipoprotein, Fasting blood sugar, Urban and Rural women

How to cite this article :

Shalini M., Suresh Babu K.P., Srinivasa Murthy A.G., Girish B., Hamsaveena, Mounika K., et al.. METABOLIC SYNDROME AMONG URBAN AND RURAL WOMEN POPULATION – A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2013 September [cited: 2018 Feb 24 ]; 7:1938-1940. Available from
http://jcdr.in/back_issues.asp?issn=0973-709x&year=2013&month=September&volume=7&issue=9&page=1938-1940&id=3363

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DOI and Others

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2013/6467.3363

Financial OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.

Date of Submission: May 15, 2013
Date of Peer Review: Jun 17, 2013
Date of Acceptance: Aug 06, 2013
Date of Publishing: Sept 10, 2013

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