Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

Users Online :

Dentistry
Table of Contents - Year : 2013 | Month : September | Volume : 7 | Issue : 9 | Page : 2047 - 2050

Oral Health Status in Haemodialysis Patients 2047-2050

Lingam Amara Swapna, Reddy Sudhakara Reddy, Tatapudi Ramesh, Reddy Lavanya Reddy, Nimma Vijayalaxmi, Partha Karmakar, Koppolu Pradeep

Correspondence
Dr. Lingam Amara Swapna,
Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Opposite of Shiv Sagar lake, Vikarabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Phone: 91-9490432356, 91-9573201334, E-mail: laswapna123@gmail.com,laswapna123@ymail.com

Objective: To assess the oral and dental manifestations in non- diabetic and diabetic uraemic patients who were undergoing haemodialysis and to estimate and compare the salivary pH in these two groups.

Material and Methods: Ninety Seven uraemic patients who were undergoing maintenance haemodialysis were included in the study. Subjective and objective findings were evaluated and recorded in a specially designed proforma. Predialytic unstimulated whole salivary pH was recorded by using pH-measuring strips. Dental health assessment consisted of DMFT and CPITN indices.

Results: A subjective oral manifestation of dysguesia was found to be more significant in non-diabetic patients (p<0.008). Statistically, a high significance was observed with mucosal petechiae in 31.9% patients of diabetic group .The overall DMFT score was significantly higher in diabetic group. A moderate significance was found with a CPI score of 5 (p<0.015). The pH of saliva was significantly higher among diabetic patients.

Conclusion: The diabetic subjects who were on haemodialysis were at a high risk for developing periodontal disease and they exhibited a potential threat for dental decay and xerostomia. A lower salivary pH and a poor glycaemic control may affect their oral health. Further research is required to clarify the combined influence of diabetic nephropathy on oral health.