Effect of Body Mass Index on Occupational Health of Clinicians: A Descriptive Study AC01-AC05
Harpreet Singh Gulati,
132, New Guru Tegh Bahadur Nagar, Jalandhar, Punjab, India.
Introduction: Clinicians in the present scenario are always exposed to constant and sustained levels of physical and mental stress. As they form the backbone of healthcare setup, the health of clinicians themselves is a very significant factor towards providing good health to all.
Aim: To determine the effect of Body Mass Index (BMI) on Work Related Musculoskeletal Discomfort (WMSD) and Occupational Stress (OS) in clinicians.
Materials and Methods: The descriptive study with inferential design was conducted on 200 clinicians working in Outpatient Departments (OPDs) of National Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Jaipur, Rajasthan and Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences, Jalandhar, Punjab, India and various private hospitals in Jalandhar from July 2019 onwards till December 2020. The BMI was calculated as ratio of weight (kg) to the square of height (m). The WMSD and OS were determined through reliable and valid questionnaires and their values were associated with demographic variables via statistical tests of Chi-square, ANOVA and student t-test to infer their inter-relational significance.
Results: High BMI was reported more in above 40-yearold clinicians with higher incidence in surgical doctors than medical doctors. Majority (n=115) 57.5% of the clinicians were found to have mild musculoskeletal discomfort followed by no discomfort (23%) while 19.5% of them exhibited moderate to severe discomfort. Female clinicians showed more level of discomfort than male clinicians. The BMI has high significance in relation to the questionnaire score. Clinicians with BMI >25 also showed high percentage (57.1%) of moderate and severe levels of OS.
Conclusion: The BMI is positively related to physical as well as mental well-being of clinicians, especially in the middle age group. This information serves as an awareness and warning signal for the clinicians to safeguard their own health.